Spatial patterns in the textile sector in Ecuador: Exploring spatial clusters within the Systemic Competitiveness Framework"/>

Spatial patterns in the textile sector in Ecuador: Exploring spatial clusters within the Systemic Competitiveness Framework
18-01-2019 12:00 - 13:30

Tania Aguilera-Bravo, Business and International Trade School at the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador – Ibarra Campus. Ph.D student at the Doctoral Program Regional Development and Economic Integration of the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Member at Fundación de Género, Emprendimiento y Desarrollo en el Ecuador – Ingenius.

C. Nataly Cadena-Palacios (co-author), Researcher at Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito Mujeres Unidas – Tantanakushka Warmikunapac – CACMU Ltda. Director of Fundación de Género, Emprendimiento y Desarrollo en el Ecuador – Ingenius.

Abstract

This presentation aims identifying clusters in the textile sector in Ecuador and exploring the relationship among identified spatial clusters with several determinants of the meso-space of the Systemic Competitiveness framework (SCF). The contribution of this study is twofold. First, we use exploratory spatial analysis to identify clusters in the textile sector using data from the Economic Census or Enterprise Surveys of 2010. Second, we compare the spatial autocorrelation between the identified clusters and some activities at the meso-space defined in the SCF. Our results show a weak positive spatial autocorrelation (global) in the textile sector and suggest that employment generation by the textile sector occurs in better-provisioned and well-accessed meso-spaces in neighboring regions. Indeed, cantons with high levels of employment in the textile sector are surrounded by areas with better access to infrastructure and higher levels of provision and access to financial services.